Carlos Roberto Azzoni

PRESENTATION DATE: Thursday, November 29, 2012

TOPIC: Concentration and Inequality Across Brazilian Regions

ABSTRACT: This presentation deals with the general trends of economic concentration and inequality across Brazilian regions. General indicators are presented, revealing the high degree of economic disparities in the country and its persistency. Regional concentration and its evolution is measured by the economic center of gravity, defined as the GDP-weighted latitude and longitude in each year for its regions. The evolution of productivity in agriculture, manufacturing and tertiary activities reveals that the traditional areas still keep their competitive position even after many changes in the country’s economy. Recent reductions in regional disparities are highlighted, and the possible role of social policies, such as a massive cash transference program, are explored.